Items filtered by date: Friday, 16 June 2017

SC's Bersamin says trust Duterte on martial law

MANILA – Just "trust the good judgment of the President," Supreme Court (SC) Associate Justice Lucas Bersamin said during oral arguments on Tuesday, June 13, – if petitioners are unable to produce proof that shows there is insufficient basis to declare martial law.
"I believe that the proclamation may be sufficient," Bersamin said, adding that he is willing to presume good faith and regularity on the part of government in the absence of evidence indicating otherwise.
During his interpellation of lawyer Ephraim Cortez during Day 1 of oral arguments on President Rodrigo Duterte's declaration of martial law in Mindanao, Bersamin emphasized that the burden of proof of showing the proclamation is invalid falls on the petitioners.
"Make an argument on the burden of proof," Bersamin told Cortez, "because this is a big thing for me." He grilled Cortez, asking him what standard of proof the High Court should impose – is it the magnitude of killing, damage to property, magnitude of violence, or the number of bodies?
"What do we need to review? You are not providing us material to review," Bersamin told Cortez, who maintained that because of the SC's constitutional power to review the basis of martial law, it can compel even President Duterte, to provide the necessary information.
"I cannot compel the President, you know that very well," Bersamin retorted.
Bersamin got Cortez to agree that in the absence of a clear standard, the determination of whether there is sufficient basis for the declaration of martial law is up to the good judgment of the High Court.
Bersamin followed with: "You leave that to the good judgment of the court, as you would leave the proclamation of martial law to the good judgment of the President." (READ: SC's Del Castillo: Isn't Marawi siege act of rebellion?)
'Passive institution'
"You don't tell us the facts you want to be put (in the martial law report). You know this is a passive institution, we cannot go out like the NBI [National Bureau of Investigation] or the police to gather the facts. We are not in that business," Bersamin said.
Cortez, however, said, "Our basis is to dispute the facts upon which the declaration is based. As a general rule, we are not duty-bound to prove our negative allegation and it is up to the government to prove the basis of the declaration of martial law."
Associate Justice Presbitero Velasco echoed Bersamin's line of thinking in his own interpellation of lawyer Marlon Manuel, who is representing the Marawi group of petitioners.
"There's no attachment at all in your petition of any document that would tell the Court that there's probably no truth to the statements in the proclamation. You have only made a very bare assertion that there is no sufficient or actual basis, and this, to me, is not proof at all," Velasco said.
Manuel replied that what they are alleging in their petition is the "non-existence of factual basis," so they will be unable to present documents to prove that.
Velasco pounded on Manuel, asking whether they exerted effort to verify the truth in the facts cited in Duterte's martial law report.
"Only to the extent we can," Manuel said, explaining that the petitioners have been at the receiving end of the proclamation.
When Velasco asked again if they verified facts, Manuel said that as residents of Marawi City, they had to evacuate to Iligan City after the crisis. 
Checks and balances
In an interview after the oral arguments, Manuel said the SC should have the power to find the evidence or at least compel evidence from the relevant government agencies, precisely because they were given the constitutional power to review factual basis for the proclamation.
"The SC should have their own procedure. If the Court requires the presence of the Secretrary of Defense, they can do that, because they have been impleaded, they can be summoned anytime," Manuel said.
"The 1987 Constitution, precisely may checks and balances mechanism na nilagay kasi sa karanasan natin hindi mapagkakatiwalaan ang Presidente noon na naglagay sa Pilipinas sa mahabang panahon ng martial law, kaya nagkaroon sa Constitution ng maraming layers ng review mechanisms," Manuel said.
(The 1987 Constitution has a checks-and-balances mechanism precisely because of our experience where we could not trust the President then, who put the Philippines under martial rule for a long time, that's why the Constitution has many layers of review mechanisms.)
Nevertheless, Velasco still asked the petitioners to submit to the SC documents which will support at least their allegations that some of the statements in Duterte's martial law reports are false.
Hearsay evidence
The main basis of the petitions in belying some of the claims in the report – such as the denied takeover of the Amai Pakpak Medical Center – are fact-check reports from news outfits.
Solicitor General Jose Calida had said in his consolidated comment, however, that news reports are inadmissible evidence because they are hearsay.
Asked how he thinks the petitioners fared on Day 1 of the oral arguments, Calida said: "I've seen better days."
Calida is also set to argue before the High Court that the petitions suffer from "fatal procedural defects" that warrant their outright dismissals. One of these technical loopholes, Calida said, is the absence of an Mandatory Continuing Legal Education (MCLE) number from one of the petitioners' lawyers, constitutionalist Christian Monsod.
"This is a very important issue of public national interest, I don't think the SC will look at technicalities," Manuel said. –

Gadgets within 'safety zone,' hands-free calls now allowed while driving in PH

MANILA – The Department of Transportation released on Wednesday, June 14, the revised Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of the Anti-Distracted Driving Act (ADDA), which had been suspended after causing confusion and complaints from motorists.
The new IRR includes:
·         The concept of a “safety zone,” which re-defines line of sight
·         Exemption through “hands-free” use of phones
·         The plan of the DOTr to conduct an information campaign on the law, as demanded by Congress
DOTr Assistant Secretary for Legal Affairs Leah Quiambao said in a press conference the revised IRR will be published in the next few days, and will take effect 15 days after its publication, or by July 2017.
The law will be enforced by the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) in Manila, and the Philippine National Police (PNP) nationwide.
Drivers may now mount gadgets as long as they do not obstruct their line of sight. They can do this by putting the gadgets within the "safety zone" – 4 inches up from the dashboard.
Within this safety zone, drivers may glance at their phones to use navigation applications or quickly read text messages when they are stopped by traffic lights. If drivers glance at their phones outside this zone, they will be apprehended.
The also clarifies that phones may be used hands-free as long as drivers keep their eyes on the road as long as their phones are within the safety zone.
They can put their phones on loudspeaker mode or use earphones to take calls and listen to music.
Quiambao said the DOTr plans to launch television and radio announcements to disseminate the new rules. It is coordinating with the Department of the Interior and Local Government for a nationwide information campaign.
Asked about distractions coming from sources other than mobile phones, Quiambao acknowledged the ADDA is “limited” in scope, and was written to respond only to distractions caused by mobile phones.
This means rosaries and toys placed on dashboards of vehicles, as well as built-in televisions, are not covered by the law.
Jeepney drivers may also turn to their riders at the back of their vehicles when accepting payment and giving change.
She clarified that they cannot produce an IRR that is beyond the scope of law. Still, Quiambao said, the DOTr tried its best to produce the new IRR upon consultation with affected sectors, such as drivers of public utility vehicles, Grab and Uber drivers, and private vehicle owners. –

DOT urged to penalize ad agencies giving 'unoriginal' works

MANILA -- The Department of Tourism (DOT) should penalize advertising agencies that give "unoriginal”" concepts so as not to compromise their integrity as a government agency, a senator on Wednesday, June 14,
"We should start penalizing ad agencies for giving our departments, especially the DOT, ripped off creative handles or not-so-original work," Sen. Nancy Binay, chair of the Senate Committee on Tourism, said in a statement.
"It compromises the integrity of the government agency, as well as the ad agency itself," she added.
Binay made this remark after the DOT launched its newest campaign advertisement on Monday which drew flak from netizens who claimed that it was "copied" from a South African ad in 2014.
She said that advertising contracts between the DOT, including its attached agencies, and ad agencies should have a legal clause or a disclaimer which stipulates that the agency handling a particular campaign would either be penalized or not be paid if the ad copy, concept, or peg was found to be copied.
"Tama lang na maging accountable sila di lamang sa DOT kundi sa taong bayan (They should be held accountable not only to the DOT but also to the public) Every time the ad is aired, taxpayers' money is being spent," Binay said.
Meanwhile, she urged the DOT to be more discerning on concepts, storyboards, and drafts that ad agencies present to them.
"Nasa DOT ang final say ng mga in-execute na ads at mga collateral, dahil nasa kanilang area of responsibility ito (The DOT has the final say in executing the ads and collateral because it falls under their area of responsibility). It also saves them the time and effort in defending the material that comes out," Binay said.
She also expressed hope that the next DOT advertisements would not meet the same fate as previous advertisements.
This is not the first time that the DOT and its agencies on record became controversial.
DOT and ad agency Campaigns and Grey were also criticized in 2010 for its "Pilipinas kay Ganda" logo, which netizens said was lifted from Poland's tourism logo.
DOT’s "It's more fun in the Philippines" slogan also became controversial in 2012 when it was said to resemble the "It’s more fun in Switzerland" tagline.
Both the DOT and its current ad agency McCann Worldgroup Philippines on Monday denied copying the South African ad and stood by it being based on a true story of a Japanese retiree in the Philippines. -- PNA

Efforts to make PH tourist spots PWD friendly ongoing

MANILA -- The Department of Tourism (DOT) on Tuesday, June 13, assured that concerned government agencies are working hand in hand to assure that tourism establishments are sensitive to the needs of both the elderly and persons with disabilities (PWDs).
“There’s a constant effort to make us really PWD friendly,” DOT Assistant Secretary and spokesperson Frederick Alegre told the Philippine News Agency in an interview.
Alegre made this remark a day after the DOT released its new campaign advertisement “Sights” which featured a blind, elderly retiree from Japan enjoying his stay in various destinations the Philippines.
“The ad does put focus on that and really it’s to show that we take care of them (elderly, PWDs) here. We want to keep doing an effort to upgrade the way we take care of them,” Alegre said.
He acknowledged that although the Philippines was behind its Asian neighbors in terms of PWD-friendly facilities, there are several Philippine establishments that comply with world-class standards.
“Nowadays, a local government unit does not issue (permits) if you don’t have a ramp to entry for the wheelchair. The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) is doing its job, we just have to be able to enforce it better,” he added.
He said that the DOT is coordinating with the Departments of Interior and Local Government, Transportation and Social Welfare and Development to assure that tourism establishments are indeed PWD-friendly.
Citing data from the Philippine Retirement Authority, Alegre said that there are around 27,000 foreign retirees from 107 countries that have chosen, and lived in the Philippines through the Special Resident Retiree’s Visa (SRRV).
“We know that there is a market of retirees who want to come to the Philippines,” the tourism official said. -- PNA

Travel agencies oppose plan to charge customs OT fees on airlines

MANILA  -- Overtime fees of airport officers must be shouldered by the government and not the airlines.
This was the statement made by the Philippine Travel Agencies Association (PTAA) which protested the Customs Administrative Order (CAO) that will place funding for overtime fees of its airport officers to airline companies.
"If the Bureau of Customs wants to implement an overtime system instead of the 24/7 shifting schedule that was specified under CAO 7-2011, then airlines under any circumstances should not be ordered to provide service fees, dues, and other charges," PTAA president Marlene Jante said in a statement.
Jante said that the act contradicts basic principles of labor laws, noting that there is no government in the world that orders international airlines to pay for overtime work of customs officials at airports.
She further said that airline responsibility “starts when passengers and cargoes are boarded and ends when they are disembarked.”
Former PTAA president Aileen Clemente, meanwhile, gave her support to the PTAA’s current stand, noting that it was “unacceptable” to only provide customs services during working hours.
“It is not right for tourists, investors, and Filipinos coming back into the country to not be cleared by the BOC for entry unless the airlines pay for it," Clemente said.
Both Jante and Clemente said that the government must ensure that the BOC has internal funding for overtime fees of airport officers.
In 2012, the now defunct Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC) eliminated the overtime fees and went with a 24/7 three-shift system at all international airports wherein the government fully financed the services of customs officials.
The system had a night differential pay for those working from 6:00 pm to 6:00 am.
However, based on a copy of the draft CAO obtained by the PTAA, Customs Services shall not be less than eight hours work per day for five days a week exclusive of lunch time or from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. except Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays.
Under the General Provisions in Section 4, it stated that the BOC can charge Aircraft Supervision Fee of P30,000 from airlines or their agents for every aircraft engaged in foreign commerce that landed and departed from an international airport of entry and where customs services are rendered.
Services include tagging of ETA and ATA, issuance of entrance and clearance permits, conducting of boarding formalities, supervision of the loading and unloading of cargoes, underguarding of cargoes and aircrafts, clearance of passengers and baggage, storage and release of held baggage, and other related services.
It also is stated that all fees collected shall be placed in a trust fund and will be used for overtime fees and those for meal, transportation, and accommodation allowances for employees that needs to travel outside their worksite to render customs services. -- PNA

Albay’s 'pinangat' ranks 22nd in Top 50 World Street Food list

'Pinangat', one of Albay’s outstanding ethnic dishes that have been making waves in world food expos, has bagged the 22nd spot in the Top 50 World Street Food Masters list at the recently concluded World Street Food Congress (WSFC) 2017 in Manila.
The Top 50 eats include Singapore's Hill St. Hwa Pork Noodle, Franklin’s BBQ of Austin, Texas, US and Bangkok's Che Paek Pu Ob Voon Sen.
Aside from its intrinsic savory taste, the pinangat's success is partly credited to Albay 2nd district Rep. Joey Salceda's 2D Culinaria initiative that focuses on food and travel, and supports ethnic cuisines and local food producers.
The 2D Culinaria Albay program was derived from the original Culinaria Albay, which significantly enhanced the local food industry and opened new avenues for small and medium food producers and entrepreneurs in the province. On account of its successful participation in past international food expos, the Department of Tourism has tasked 2D Culinaria Albay to represent the Bicol region in the May 31-June 4 WSFC held at the Mall of Asia in Pasay City.
The WSFC has been acclaimed as a resounding success, and local entrepreneur Zeny’s pinangat of Camalig town in Albay made it to the 22nd spot in the Top 50 World Street Food Masters list. The pinangat is a concoction of pork or fish wrapped in taro leaves, and gently simmered in coconut milk.
Two native Albay dishes were presented during the WSFC -- the Bicol Express risotto and the pinangat burger. Both merited good reviews and were included in the “10 things to try at WSFC” by; the “8 must-try dishes” by; and the “7 local food picks” by ABS-CBN.
2D Culinaria Albay’s success at the WSFC followed its equally outstanding presentation last month at the IFEX Philippines, one of the country's biggest international trade exhibitions.
The WSFC featured 28 of the world’s best Street Food Masters from 12 countries who dished out authentic mouth-watering heritage street food for five days. Present during the congress were world-class chef and TV host Anthony Bourdain, and WSF organizer Makansutra, a photojournalist-entrepreneur and founder of KF Seetoh of Singapore. Albay’s 2D Culinaria team included Oriental Legazpi's executive chef Andhei Nacion and two sous-chefs.
Salceda has sustained his support for his province’s food industry through the Culinaria Albay brand and has urged Albayanos to patronize local products to support the native industry, and promote their chefs and homegrown restauranteurs in the global food arena.
The 2D Culinaria Albay has also joined the Madrid Fusion Manila food exposition last April 6-8 at the SMX Mall of Asia, after which three international chefs and food writers from Russia, London and the Middle East visited Albay and Sorsogon as their post-expo destination, a validation that Culinaria Albay is on the right track, said Salceda.
The Madrid Fusion food expo was among Albay’s most notable and productive participation in food expos, where buyers — having been familiarized with the Albayano ethnic tastes in previous events — showed astounding interest in Albayano cuisine.
In recent years, Albay has been acknowledged and conferred various awards for its culinary tourism and its notable global tourism assets that have drawn international tourists in droves. -- PNA

Bob Dylan accused of plagiarism in Nobel Prize lecture

MANILA – Controversy continues to hound Bob Dylan and his Nobel Prize for Literature, this time, involving allegations of plagiarism in the lecture he delivered for winning the coveted award.
In an article on, writer Andrea Pitzer wrote that the singer may have used lines from SparkNotes' Moby-Dick study guide for his award lecture.
Pitzer said she uncovered the similiarites after another writer, Ben Greenman, said that Dylan might have made up a quote from the book.
"Those familiar with Dylan’s music might recall that he winkingly attributed fabricated quotes to Abraham Lincoln in his 'Talkin’ World War III Blues,'" Andrea wrote. "So Dylan making up an imaginary quote is nothing new. However, I soon discovered that the Moby-Dick line Dylan dreamed up last week seems to be cobbled together out of phrases on the website SparkNotes, the online equivalent of CliffsNotes."
Pitzer compared phrases from the SparkNotes study guide on the Herman Melville classic book to Dylan's speech. She noted that from the 78 sentences in Dylan's lecture in reference to Moby-Dick, 20 have similar phrases from SparkNotes.
She also mentioned that some of the terms used did not appear in the novel.
In his speech, Dylan said: "Ahab encounters other whaling vessels, presses the captains for details about Moby." The SparkNotes version said: "...the ship encounters other whaling vessels. Ahab always demands information about Moby Dick from his captains."
Dylan also said in his speech: "Another ship's captain – Captain Boomer – he lost an arm to Moby. But he tolerates that, and he's happy to have survived. He can't accept Ahab's lust for vengeance."
The SparkNotes study guide said: "…a whaling ship whose skipper, Captain Boomer, has lost an arm in an encounter with Moby Dick…. Boomer, happy simply to have survived his encounter, cannot understand Ahab's lust for vengeance."
The breakdown of the texts can be found on
Pitzer said she has reached out to Dylan's recording company, Columbia, to seek clarification from the singer and his management, but has yet to get any feedback.
She also said that it was not the first plagiarism allegation against Dylan. Pitzer cited Dylan's 2001 album "Love and Theft." She said Dylan's use of quotation marks in the title seem "to imply that the album title was itself taken from Eric Lott’s acclaimed history of racial appropriation, Love & Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class."
Dylan was also criticized for his painting exhibit titled "The Asia Series" in 2011, as many pointed out that his works were similar to that of Henri Cartier-Bresson and Léon Busy.
In October 2016, it was announced that Dylan won the Nobel Prize in Literature, the first songwriter to receive the honor, which drew mixed reactions. But the award was marred with controversy when Dylan did not appear during the ceremony due to pre-existing commitments." 
Dylan formally accepted the award in April. His lecture was recorded on June 4 and posted on the Nobel Prize website on June 5. –
Photo Caption:
PLAGIARISM? Singer Bob Dylan faces accusations of plagiarism in the speech he gave, after winning the Nobel Peace Prize. Photo by Frazer Harrison/Getty Images North America



SC Justice Del Castillo notes ‘total failure of intelligence’ in Marawi crisis

Supreme Court (SC) Justice Mariano Del Castillo said Wednesday the Maute fighters seemed to have been prepared in carrying out attacks in Marawi City last May 23 that even the military seemed caught by surprise.
During the resumption of the oral arguments on the consolidated petitions assailing the martial law declaration, Del Castillo asked Solicitor General Jose Calida how come there was a "total failure of intelligence" on the part of the government.
“It seemed the Maute rebels are well prepared. Arms seem inexhaustible and there was one time several millions of pesos was recovered from a hideout. It takes time to have done what they did and I am surprised why the military never discovered all this," Del Castillo said.
Calida responded that intelligence gathering "is not perfect," likening it to a jigsaw puzzle where some parts are unclear.
"But one thing was clear, that [Abu Sayyaf] leader Isnilon] Hapilon was in Marawi," the top government lawyer said.
In the comment submitted by the Office of Solicitor General (OSG) to the high court on Monday, the government disclosed that intelligence reports on May 18 showed the local terror groups were planning to occupy Marawi City, and to raise the ISIS flag at the provincial capitol.
This intelligence report was confirmed through a video recovered by government forces in the lairs of the Maute group during the course of the military operation on May 23, showing the Abu Sayyaf group and Maute group leaders planning their attack of the city. 
"It was also confirmed by military intelligence sources that the grand plan of the rebels was to raze the entire city of Marawi on the day of Ramadan, on May 26, 2017. The Marawi attack would have served as a precursor for other terrorist groups to stage their own uprising across Mindanao in a bid to simultaneously establish a wilayah [province] in the region," the OSG said.
"The planned attack, however, was foiled when the government troops conducted a raid in pursuit of Hapilon in Barangay Basak Malutlut. This forced the rebels to prematurely execute the Marawi siege," it added.
The SC is looking into the issue whether there is sufficient factual basis for the declaration of martial law in Mindanao, which the petitioners said did not exist.
The petitioners even pointed out that terrorism does not equate to rebellion, noting the attacks on Marawi City stemmed from an armed resistance by the Maute group to shield Hapilon from capture.
Calida refuted this claim, saying the joint police and military operation "actually pre-empted and foiled the plan of the terrorists to burn down down the city of Marawi and establish a wilayah (ISIS province)."
The government said martial law was necessary to quell rebellion since ISIS-inspired local rebel groups have taken up arms against the Philippine government for the purposes of removing Mindanao from its allegiance, and of depriving President Rodrigo Duterte of his powers and prerogatives. —GMA News

House defies for 3rd time CA order to release ‘Ilocos 6’ —lawyer

The House of Representatives has defied anew a Court of Appeals (CA) order to release six employees of the Ilocos Norte provincial government who were earlier detained by a committee inquiring into the local government’s purchase of motor vehicles amounting to P66.45 million, which was sourced from its share of tobacco excise taxes.
Former Solicitor General Estelito Mendoza, lead counsel for the so-called “Ilocos Six” employees, said that the House of Sergeant-At-Arms (SAA) has rejected a third attempt of the CA sheriff to serve the release order.
Mendoza said House leaders have previously ignored the CA release order that was transmitted to the chamber on June 9 and 10.
House officials have insisted that the CA's order was invalid and that the appeals court had no jurisdiction over the matter.
Mendoza, however, insisted that the Supreme Court, the CA, and the Regional Trial Court (RTC) can serve the release order because they have “concurrent” jurisdiction when it comes to habeas corpus cases, he argued.
Mendoza quoted Ilocos Norte 1st District Rep. Rodolfo "Rudy" C. Fariñas as saying in a media interview in Ilocos Norte that it was House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez who had instructed House SAA Lt. Gen. Roland M. Detabali (ret.) to disregard the CA’s order.
               The CA’s Special Fourth Division has already started its contempt of court proceedings against Speaker Alvarez and the House SAA, serving them show cause orders to explain why they refused to present the six detained employees before the appellate court.
Ilocos Norte Gov. Imee Marcos had earlier appeared before the CA to support the bid of the "Ilocos 6" to be freed from detention at the Batasan Pambansa.
Vicente Lazo, another legal counsel for the Ilocos 6, had urged the House legislators to honor the rule of law, stressing that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that countries like the Philippines are "under obligation to make available to every person detained all remedies that will safeguard his fundamental right to liberty, these remedies includes the right to bail.”
“So it’s not true that the writ of habeas corpus is meaningless. We adhere to the rules of law, thus the six detained employees believe that they have the right to avail for anything that will secure their right to liberty, hence availing the right to bail,” Lazo said.
“Ang problema, sabi ni Cong. Fariñas wala daw magagawa ‘yung habeas corpus. Walang nangyayari kasi nga they are defying the court order,” he added, citing that the CA has granted them the order for the House to “immediately” release the "Ilocos Six," however, this has been defied thrice.
Lazo lamented how his clients had been subjected under "mental torture" during the congressional inquiry.
“Mula sa umpisa sa imbestigasyon ng kaso hanggang ngayon, torture na ‘yang ginagawa nila sa anim na dinetain,” he said. The six employees were detained after being cited in contempt by Fariñas for being “evasive” and “refusing to answer questions.”
Lazo however pointed out that they "did not say 'I refuse to answer, Your Honor.' What they said was, 'Those are photocopies. If we could find the originals, we could answer your questions and verify.'"
The CA last week directed, through a writ of habeas corpus, the House sergeant-at-arms to bring to the court the following Ilocos Norte provincial government employees: Pedro Agcaoili, chair of the bids and awards committee and the provincial and planning development unit; Josephine Calajate, provincial treasurer; Edna Battulayan, accountant; Evangeline Tabulog, provincial budget officer; and Genedine Jambaro and Encarnacion Gaor, who are assigned at the treasury office.
The Ilocos Norte officials, over the weekend, already said they would be filing charges against officials of the House of Representatives who “perpetrated the cruel, oppressive, and coercive interrogation” last May 29. — MDM, GMA News

Parricide raps filed against Bohol mayor’s husband

Complaints for parricide have been filed against the husband of slain Bien Unido, Bohol Mayor Gisela Boniel in connection with her death.
According to a report on "24 Oras," Provincial Board Member Niño Rey Boniel and four others were made the subjects of the complaint for the crime. Two of the respondents are expected to turn state witnesses.
Four other suspects remain at large.
The parricide complaint is on top of the two counts of kidnapping and serious illegal detention filed against Niño before the Tagbilaran's prosecutor's office, based on the statement of Mayor Boniel's friend, Angela Leyson, and her 17-year-old child.
Gisela was allegedly abducted and killed by her husband over personal problems.
Search and retrieval operations are ongoing for the missing body of Gisela.
Special diving equipment of the Philippine Navy will be used to locate the body, which is reportedly lying 700 feet from the surface. —GMA News


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